Citing PDS Data

When using data which have been provided by PDS in publications and research, we encourage you to cite PDS as the data source.

Why should you acknowledge and cite PDS data?

How to acknowledge and cite PDS data?

Whom to contact if you need help on a citation?

Why should you acknowledge and cite PDS data?

Proper documentation of data sources is important in scientific research. Source checks are one of several methods for assessing the soundness of analyses and for extending the work reported. Should there be questions about methods or conclusions, unambiguous source information simplifies replication (and defense) of the initial report.

How to acknowledge and cite PDS data?

When referencing PDS data in publications or presentations, please provide an acknowledgment so that proper credit can be extended to NASA, its missions, science data providers, and/or their partners.

Examples are provided below for general acknowledgments, data set citations in a reference listing, and online web images and other data. General acknowledgments and web citations are appropriate for use on either a web page or in a presentation. The more formal reference citation should be used in a journal article.


A general statement crediting PDS for data, assistance, and/or review should be included in a paragraph at the end of an article. For example:

Acknowledgment of a PDS Discipline Node should be given if the node actively assisted in obtaining or using the data. Examples:

Reference citation:

Reference citations for each data set are listed in the PDS catalog. References can be listed with or without authors. Author in the case of PDS references generally refers to the investigator. Details vary among journals; authors should follow specific instructions from publishers. For example:

For rules and more examples, see Chapter B.32 of Appendix B in the PDS Standards Reference.

PDS Web Citation:

Citations for specific products can be included as URLs embedded in captions. For example:

More general web citations can include text and an embedded link to the source site. For example:

Whom to contact if you need help on a citation?

Need guidance for citing a data source? Please contact the PDS Operator at